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GRAMMAR LESSON TWO REVISITED

June 1, 2022

            We’re back with another set of similar sounding words with entirely different meanings.

Our illustrious former Henderson Writer’s Group el-presidente, Linda Webber, presented grammar lessons each week on the back of our meeting agendas. The gist of them were the improper use of words.

As a reminder, I’ll add the standard intro below before I get into the word list.

BACK IN THE DAY

            I once wrote a screenplay with my bud, Doug Lubahn (RIP), a famous musician. During our correspondence, I once told him I was waiting with “baited” breath instead of “bated” breath. He’s never let me live that one down.

            The proper use of words is something a lot of writers don’t always get. So, for your reading pleasure, below is a list of words and how to use them properly.

            The list is not near complete, so that’s why this is called Grammar Lesson Two.

            Once again, my many thanks to Linda Webber, who went through the trouble to compile these words all in one place for me to steal and present to you here at Fred Central.

These are common words that are often used out of context. They can be a quandary for a writer, and a quick trip to a dictionary, or online. We’ll start with a common one.

HOW TO USE PASSED OR PAST

            Passed is a form of the verb to pass. It’s merely the past tense of pass with the “ed” added on.

            I’ll pass it on to you.

            I passed it on to you.

            The law was passed in 2017.

            Now past is a bit different.

            It can be an adjective, an adverb, a noun or a preposition.

            As a noun, it refers to a specific span of time.

            It hasn’t worked in the past.

            He never talks about his past.

            As an adjective, it something that’s gone in time.

            Let’s forget our past differences.

            Their best days are past.

            As a preposition, it goes from one side of something to the other.

            Corey rushed past her.

            Don drove past the house.

            As an adverb, it’s sort of the same as a preposition.

            …going past

            …ran past

            …walked past

            Just know this. Past is NEVER a verb. That’s a big red flag.

A FEW SIMPLE WORDS

            Broach: To raise a subject or discussion

            Jerry decided to broach the subject to the group before the meeting.

            Brooch: A piece of jewelry

            Nassar grabbed the gold brooch off the night stand and headed out the door.

            Canvas: A type of strong cloth

            Marie stretched the canvas tight before applying the base coat.

            Canvass: To seek people’s votes

            The party canvassed the neighborhood for the mayor.

            Cereal: A grass producing an edible grain or a breakfast food made from grain

            I eat cereal every morning for breakfast.

            Serial: Happening in a series

            Son of Sam was a serial killer.

            Chord: A group of musical notes

            Lucy tried to stretch her fingers to make a B chord on the guitar.

            Cord: A length of string or a cord-like body part

            The kidnapper grabbed his hands and tied a thick cord around his wrists.

SUMMARY

            Once again, thanks to Linda Webber for her hard work putting these original words together!

            Happy writing!

2 Comments leave one →
  1. July 2, 2022 1:54 pm

    “Foreward” is not a word at all, it seems…. Had to research that to feel confident in pointing it out at all, but my instinct and my not entirely trustworthy gray matter was telling me that should be “foreword”…

    Great post, and ALL of these are things that should be taught in schools rather than all the confusing sh*t they’re pushing at our youth.

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